Publications and Resources

Publications

O'Sullivan, T.L., Corneil, W., Kuziemsky, C., Lemyre, L., & McCrann, L. (2013). The EnRiCH Community Intervention: Collaborative Asset-Mapping to Enhance Resilience for High-Risk Populations, a publication prepared onbehalf of The EnRiCH Collaboration, available at: http://enrichproject.ca/publications-and-resources.html. (in PDF)

Lemyre, L. & O'Sullivan, T.L. in Kapucu, N., Hawkins, C.V. & Rivera, F.I. (Eds) (2013). Enhancing community resilience: A matter of multi-level framework, mixed methods, and multi-sectoral tools (Chapter 13), Disaster Resiliency: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, New York: Routledge, 271-290.

O'Sullivan, T.L., Kuziemsky, C.E., Toal-Sullivan, D. & Corneil, W. (2012) Unraveling the complexities of disaster management: A framework for social infrastructure to promote population health and resilience, Social Science & Medicine, Open access available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.07.040.

O'Sullivan, T., Ghazzawi, A, Stanek, A, & Lemyre, L. (2012) We don't have a back-up plan: An exploration of family contingency planning following stroke, Social Work in Health Care. 51, 1-21. DOI: 10.1080/00981389.2012.681539.

Kuziemsky, C., O'Sullivan, T., & Corneil, W. (2012). An upstream-downstream approach for disaster management information systems design, Proceedings of the ISCRAM Conference, Vancouver, BC, April 2012. (in PDF)

Falconi, M., Fahim, C. & O'Sullivan, T. (2012). Protecting and supporting high risk populations in pandemic: Drawing from experiences with Influenza A (H1N1), International Journal of Child Health and Human Development, 5(3).

Levac, J., Toal-Sullivan, D., O'Sullivan, T.L. (2011). Household emergency preparedness: A literature review, Journal of Community Health, published online October 2011.

Resources

The EnRiCH Community Intervention Manual (in PDF)
The EnRiCH Community Intervention: Collaborative Asset-Mapping to Enhance Resilience for High-Risk Populations

Executive Summary
Community resilience and adaptive capacity are recognized as essential elements promoting population health and national security (Kickbusch & Sakellarides, 2006; Kahan et al., 2009; Norris et al., 2008; Paton, 2006). The people most 'at-risk' during natural disasters and chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) events are those who face everyday challenges linked with the social determinants of health, which influence their functional capabilities related to communication, housing, awareness, mobility/transportation, psychosocial health, self-care/ daily tasks, and safety/security (O'Sullivan et al., 2013b; CSDH, 2008).

The literature on disaster preparedness and community resilience highlights the need for prioritization of contingency planning for high risk populations (Enarson & Walsh, 2007; Kailes & Enders, 2007; Lemyre et al., 2009; Lemyre & O'Sullivan, 2013; WHO, 2009). However, little emphasis has been placed on intervention studies designed to evaluate the effectiveness, feasibility and appropriateness of collaborative asset-mapping interventions to enhance community resilience for disasters. Moreover, there is a need for information about how to include high risk populations in community resilience-oriented interventions (Kapucu et al., 2013).

The EnRiCH Project was designed to address these shortcomings and to implement and evaluate an inclusive collaborative asset-mapping intervention, using a salutogenic approach. This approach recognizes assetswhich promote resilience, in conjunction with the needs of the community (Antonovsky, 1996; Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996; Morgan & Ziglio, 2007). Recognition of assets shifts the lens toward potential contribution and functional needs for support, rather than vulnerability (Kapucu et al., 2013).

This collaborative asset-mapping intervention was designed, implemented and evaluated in partnership with 5 communities in Canada. The EnRiCH intervention protocol has two distinct components. The first is the Asset/Need Assessment, which is a full day session oriented toward building relationships and generating awarenessabout the assets and needs of individuals and organizations in the community. The asset/need assessment session is facilitated using the Structured Interview Matrix (SIM) technique (Corneil et al, 2011).

The second component of the intervention protocol is the Collaborative Asset-Mapping, which has 3 phases: 1) Orientation session; 2) 10-week online collaborative asset-mapping task; and 3) a table-top exercise. The orientation session focuses on building relationships, introducing the CHAMPSS Functional Capabilities Framework (O'Sullivan et al., 2013b), and providing hands-on instruction for using the online collaborative tool and Google Docs. The online collaborative asset-mapping component is an asynchronous process where the participants populate the asset-spreadsheet using an online collaborative tool (Google Docs) over a 10-week period (Kuziemsky et al., 2012). The final phase is a table-top exercise, where the participants attend another half-day session, in person, to work through a disaster scenario using the database of assets they have compiled during the previous phase. This exercise provides an opportunity for the community to assess their adaptive capacity for events which could involve evacuation and care for people who are considered to be at high-risk for negative impacts of the disaster.

This manual was created to provide a resource tool for communities to enhance resilience and disaster preparedness. It provides a summary of the project, a description of the framework that informed the design of the intervention, and a step-by-step explanation of how to implement theEnRiCH collaborative asset-mapping protocol. Additional resources, such as the detailed description of the CHAMPSS Functional Capabilities Framework, and the SIM instructional video and manual, are available at http://enrichproject.ca/publications-and-resources.html.


Structured Interview Matrix
The Structured Interview Matrix (SIM) is a facilitation technique used to conduct large focus groups and promote consultation with a variety of stakeholders in organizations or communities. This technique has been used for a variety of research projects and community consultations. We are often asked for instructions about how to lead one of these sessions, so we decided to create an instructional video to explain how it is done and to explain how we manage the data that is collected. For more information about this facilitation technique, please refer to the SIM instructional video below. An accompanying manual is forthcoming.





Resilience & Emergency Management: Research to Practice

EnRiCH International Network for Collaborative Practice and Community Engagement Webinar Series (1 – Dr. Wayne Corneil, University of Ottawa, May 9, 2012: “Resilience & Emergency Management: Research to Practice”)





Whole-of-Society Engagement: Merging Research and Collaborative Practice
An EnRiCH Webinar

Version française ci-dessous

In Ottawa, from November 27 to 29th, the EnRiCH Project brought together key members of the disability and emergency management communities along with other public and private stakeholders to discuss strategies to adopt a Whole-of-Society Approach to improve resilience-oriented interventions and emergency management strategies for high risk populations.

This conference, which had approximately 100 attendees, included participation from various groups who are responsible for emergency management and response at all levels (local, regional, provincial and national) and those who provide assistance / support for high risk populations (Red Cross, Salvation Army). The objective was to disseminate the findings from The EnRiCH Project and create 'The EnRiCH Collaboration', which is an international initiative committed to enhancing community resilience for all.

This webinar of the conference presents an overview of The EnRiCH Project, including presentations from four of the target communities who participated in the project, and other initiatives in Canada and the UK. Each presentation includes a discussion of collaborative practice and how to engage communities to improve emergency preparedness, response and recovery with specific emphasis on high risk populations.

The EnRiCH Project focuses on enhancing resilience and preparedness for high risk populations, using an inclusive, highly-interactive, functional capacities approach. The partnerships with the target communities and other organizations across Canada and internationally have been instrumental in achieving active engagement and collaboration to empower communities to enhance their adaptive capacity.

This webinar is intended to provide a resource for communities and organizations to learn about EnRiCH and the experiences of partners who have been actively involved in this initiative. We hope it will inspire others to adopt an inclusive, collaborative approach focused on enhancing awareness and relationships, as essential strategies to build more resilient communities.

The EnRiCH Project is funded by the Centre for Security Science, Defence Research and Development Canada. The principal investigator for the project is Dr. Tracey O'Sullivan, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa (tosulliv@uottawa.ca). More information about the project can be found at www.enrichproject.ca.


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L'engagement de la société dans son ensemble: Unir la recherche et la pratique de collaboration
Whole-of-Society Engagement: Merging Research and Collaborative Practice
Le webinaire EnRiCH

Du 27 au 29 novembre dernier, à Ottawa, l'équipe du projet de recherche EnRiCH réunissait des membres clés du réseau de gestion des limitations fonctionnelles et des situations d'urgence, ainsi que des intervenants des secteurs publics et privés, afin de discuter de stratégies visant l'adoption d'une approche d'engagement collectif vis-à-vis l'amélioration des capacités d'interventions d'urgence auprès des populations à haut risque.

Cette conférence recevait la participation de quelque 100 personnes provenant de divers groupes responsables de la gestion des situations d'urgences et interventions d'urgence à tous les niveaux (local, régional, provincial et national) ainsi que les personnes responsables de fournir une assistance ou un support aux populations à haut risque (Croix-Rouge, Armée du Salut). L'objectif de cette conférence était de diffuser les principales conclusions du projet de recherche EnRiCH et de créer « la collaboration EnRiCH », une initiative internationale engagée au renforcement de la résilience de l'ensemble des populations.

Le webinaire de cette conférence présente un aperçu du projet de recherche EnRiCH, y compris les présentations des quatre communautés cibles qui ont participé au projet EnRiCH ainsi que d'autres initiatives menées au Canada et au Royaume-Uni. Chaque présentation comprend une discussion sur la pratique collaborative et les moyens d'engager les communautés pour améliorer la préparation, l'intervention et le rétablissement en matière d'urgence, en mettant un accent spécifique sur la protection des populations à haut risque.

Le projet de recherche EnRiCH est axé sur le renforcement de la résilience et de la préparation aux situations d'urgence chez les populations vulnérables et utilise une approche inclusive, hautement interactive et basée sur les capacités fonctionnelles. Les partenariats établis avec les communautés cibles et autres organisations au Canada et dans le monde ont été essentiels à la réalisation d'un engagement actif pour habiliter les communautés à renforcer leur capacité d'adaptation.

Ce webinaire a pour but de fournir une ressource pour les communautés et les organisations afin qu'ils soient renseignés sur le projet EnRiCH et sur les expériences vécues par les partenaires qui ont été activement engagés dans cette initiative de recherche. Nous espérons que cette ressource en inspirera d'autres à adopter une démarche inclusive et collaborative visant l'amélioration des relations et l'accroissement de la sensibilisation en tant que stratégies essentielles pour bâtir des communautés plus résilientes.

Le projet de recherche EnRiCH est financé par le Centre des sciences pour la sécurité de Recherche & Développement pour la défense Canada. La chercheure principale de l'équipe de recherche EnRiCH est Dr. Tracey O'Sullivan de la Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l'Université d'Ottawa (tosulliv@uottawa.ca). Vous trouverez plus d'information sur le projet de recherche au site web suivant: www.enrichproject.ca.

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